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Degree of disability (GdB): What this term means

FAQ: Degree of disability

What is the degree of disability?

The degree of disability indicates how much the state of body and health deviates from the state typical of a person's age. Here you can find a definition for “people with disabilities”.

What is the degree of disability?

The GdB ranges from 20 (for less severe impairments) to 100 (for the most severe impairments). In order to have a degree of disability recognized under social law, this condition must presumably last more than six months.

When is it a severely disabled degree?

Degrees of severe disability start with a degree of disability of 50. However, people with a GdB of less than 50 but at least 30 severely disabled people can also be treated on an equal footing.

Degree of disability of a person

Not all people are able to do theirs Everyday life alone to deal with. People with disability do not have the same physical or mental qualifications as other people their age.

In order to recognize this fact and to be able to help those affected accordingly, it is possible to use a Degree of disability to apply for. Depending on its characteristics, certain Expectations hand in hand.

But what advantage does a recognized degree of disability offer exactly?When it is a degree of Severe disability? And how can you even submit a corresponding application? The following guide gets to the bottom of these questions and provides you with comprehensive information.

What does the degree of disability say?

The Rehabilitation and participation of people with disabilities represents one Core of social policy in Germany This is linked to the idea of ​​solidarity to help people who are in need.

But when is actually from People with disabilities the speech? A definition of the term can be found in Section 2, Paragraph 1 of the Social Code, Book Ninth (SGB IX), which deals with the rehabilitation and participation of people with disabilities:

People with disabilities are people who have physical, emotional, mental or sensory impairments which, in interaction with attitudinal and environmental barriers, can very likely prevent them from participating in society on an equal footing for more than six months. An impairment according to sentence 1 exists if the state of body and health deviates from the state typical for the age. People are at risk of disability if an impairment according to sentence 1 is to be expected.

A disability can do the Everyday life of the person affected therefore different severely affect. This is where the degree of disability begins. It indicates the extent to which these impairments occur in the person concerned.

Important: Depending on how high the GdB according to the table from the pension office is, those affected can different aids take advantage of. We will explain which of these are in the further course of the guide.

How is the degree of disability determined?

But where can you actually get one Apply for recognition of a degree of disability? That is responsible for that Pension office. In Berlin, for example, this is part of the State Office for Health and Social Affairs.

A Degree of disability according to the annex to § 2 of the Medical Care Ordinance (VersMedV) are recognized due to illness or the resulting restrictions - in relation to:

  • Head and face
  • Nervous system and psyche
  • Organ of vision
  • Hearing and balance organs
  • nose
  • Oral cavity, pharynx, or upper airways
  • Chest, deeper airways and lungs
  • Heart and circulation
  • Digestive organs
  • Fractures (hernias)
  • Urinary organs
  • Male reproductive organs
  • Female reproductive organs
  • Metabolism, internal secretion
  • Blood, hematopoietic organs, immune system
  • skin
  • Postural and locomotor organs, rheumatic diseases

To individual determination there is always one degree of disability medical examination necessary. You can attach a corresponding report to the application. As the processing can take some time, it is advisable to apply for the degree of disability as early as possible.

Good to know: If a degree of disability is recognized for the first time, it does not have to last forever. Worsened yourself your Status, it may well happen that a higher degree of disability recognized becomes.

GdB summarized as a table

The following, based on the degree of disability table, lists some Illnesses or physical limitations on, which can lead to the respective degree of disability. Keep in mind, however, that this is just a guide. The actual degree of disability including possible trademarks must always be determined individually.

Degree of disabilityPossible at
GdB 20Chronic hepatitis
(without (clinical) inflammatory activity)
GdB 30Brain damage with little impairment in performance
GdB 40Homonymous hemianopia
GdB 50Complete loss of the nose
GdB 60Severe anemia
GdB 70Cystic fibrosis
GdB 80Loss of the larynx
GdB 90Plasmacytoma with powerful effects
GdB 100Pulmonary tuberculosis (contagious)

Severe disability: at what level is it recognized?

People who are classified as "Severely disabled" get ranked. When this is the case, the § 2 Paragraph 2 SGB IX clearly defined:

People are severely disabled within the meaning of Part 3 if they have a degree of disability of at least 50 and they have their place of residence, their habitual residence or their employment in a job within the meaning of Section 156 within the scope of this code.

A severe disability is therefore from one Degree of disability of 50 or more accepted. However, people who have a degree of disability can also use it at least 30 but under 50 have a Application for equality put.

This is possible if, as a result of their disability, they have no equality unable to get or keep a suitable job.

What are the effects of a recognized degree of disability?

People with a degree of disability of 50 or more, as well as equals, enjoy some advantages in terms of labor law, such as a special protection against dismissal. This is to prevent those affected from being dismissed due to the disability.

Do people with severe disabilities or equals work in one 5 day weekso have this Entitlement to five additional days of vacation in the year. There are also many cinemas, museums and theaters Discounts for people with a severely disabled pass at.

Further compensation for disadvantages are, for example:

  • Free public transport
  • Tax relief
  • Permission to park in disabled parking spaces
  • Broadcasting fee reductions

Important: Not every severely disabled person is entitled to this disadvantage compensation. The decisive factor is always the degree of disability and features that are noted in the severely disabled ID card.

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Degree of disability (GdB): What this term means
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