With monday in madagascar if private
Madagascar, the Garden of Eden ...
Geography and climate
Also called "the red island" because of the color of its earthMadagascar consists of five different climatic and geographical regions.
The central highlands, in which the capital Antananarivo is also located, covers about three quarters of the total area of the country. The average altitude of around 1500 meters ensures a moderate climate here.
The north of the island, the largest city of which is Diégo-Suarez, also has beautiful mountains (Montagne d'Ambre, Montagne des Français, etc.) and is characterized by a typically equatorial climate. The vegetation consists of dry forests and rainforests that are rich in biodiversity.
The east coast has a tropical climate. It stretches from the Vanilla Coast in the north to Fort Dauphin in the southeast of the island and is covered by dense rainforest.
The west coast, which extends from Mahajanga in the northwest to Morombe in the southwest, has a semi-arid climate, the vegetation here consists of dry forests and mangroves, which alternate with long sandy beaches and coral reefs.
The southern part of the island from Tulear to Fort Dauphin is characterized by a landscape of thorn bush savannahs, which are typical of arid regions. This part of the island has the lowest rainfall and is very hot.
An incredible wildlife
The first thing that crossed my mind when I thought of Madagascar were of course the famous lemurs! The best-known is probably the Maki Katta, which has a striped tail made of black and white rings that makes it easy to recognize and which moves in a kind of really funny dance by leaping sideways. But there are more than 100 species of lemurs in Madagascar and this number is increasing as scientists discover new species. These true ambassadors of the island are protected species, but unfortunately often fall victim to poachers who hunt them for trade or for meat consumption.
Another characteristic animal of Madagascar is the chameleon. While it studies you with its large independent eyes, it can become almost invisible when you approach it by taking on the colors and surface texture of the corresponding object on which it is located. Unless they're larger specimens - some can reach up to six feet - I personally can't spot them at first glance ... but don't worry, your local guide will recognize them and know how to find them, without disturbing them, so that you can enjoy their sight!
Equally impressive are the humpback whales, which come to the calm and warm waters of the Mozambique Channel between June and October to breed. On the island of Sainte Marie, you can watch the whales either from a small boat or directly from the beach on the west coast.
And useful flora!
If the lemur is the ambassador of Madagascar, then isthe symbol of the island of the baobab. Of the eight species of baobab that exist in the world, seven are found in Madagascar and six of them are endemic. The mysterious baobab is not a tree like any other: its branches look like roots, which is why the first impression is that it was planted upside down ... Depending on the species, its trunk is smooth and slender and can reach dizzying heights, or it is rough and gnarled. As a source of numerous socio-economic uses by the people who have settled in its vicinity, it also has great cultural significance, as the translation of its name - Reniala in Malagasy - shows what "mother of the forest" means.
One species of tree that could undoubtedly be of great use to you is the Ravinala, or "Traveler's Tree". This very specially shaped tree has the characteristic that it stores rainwater with the help of its branches and in this way forms a kind of reservoir, thanks to which travelers can quench their thirst on their way through the jungle. Personally, however, given the condition of the water, which is often full of mosquitoes and other animals, I prefer to use my canteen during my hikes through the jungle ...
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