What is linear ppf


By Mesenchymal Stem, Cells As, A Model, Method To and Treat Bone Defects


This project investigates the use of a tissue engineering approach of an absorbable polymer, poly (propylene fumarate) (PPF) to provide long term mechanical stability while delivering a bioactive material, precultured human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) encapsulated in hydrogel, to repair bone defects. Annually over 2.2 million bone grafting procedures are performed worldwide; However, current treatment options are limited for critically sized and load bearing bone defects. Much progress has been made in the development of bone tissue replacements within the field of bone tissue engineering. The combination of a polymer scaffold seeded with cells for eventual replacement by host tissue has shown significant promise. One such polymer is PPF, a synthetic linear polyester. PPF has been shown to be biocompatible, biodegradable and provide sufficient mechanical strength for bone tissue engineering applications. Additionally PPF is able to be photocrosslinked and therefore can be fabricated into specific geometries using advanced three-dimensional (3-D) rapid prototyping. Current technology to culture and differentiate hMSCs into osteoblasts has been enhanced with the development of the tubular perfusion system (TPS). The TPS bioreactor has been shown to enhance osteoblastic differentiation in hMSCs when encapsulated in alginate beads. Although this system is effective in differentiating hMSCs it lacks the sufficient mechanical strength for the treatment of bone defects. Therefore this work suggests

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