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BLKÖ: Sagan, Katharina Wilhelmine Friederike Benigne Duchess of

 Sagan,Catherine Wilhelmine Friederike Benigne Duchess of (Princess of Courland, born February 8, 1781, died to Vienna November 29, 1839). The oldest daughter Peter’S, last Duke of Courland, and Anna Dorothea’S nee Countess Medem. The fate of this interesting princess, who is much praised for her beauty, is largely played out on Austrian soil, so she deserves a place in this work. Long before Kurland, soon after the Targowitz Peace, with which Poland's republican royalty fell, had to submit to the Russian scepter (1795), namely around 1785, had Herzog Peter, Katharinens Father, several great lordships in Bohemia and Silesia, including Sagan, after which princess Catherine bore the name, bought. Catherine was the eldest daughter from the Duke's third marriage Peter, and when he died in 1800 on his estate in Gollenau in Silesia, he was 18 years old. Endowed by nature with rare talents, she received her intellectual training from the daughter of the famous circumnavigator Ranger. Even her first love was tied to the lot of renunciation as a result of her pride, for when she heard that the object of her inclination regarded her consent to marriage as a matter of course, her feminine pride rebelled against it, and how much When she loved the prince, she refused his proposal, as it was not a matter of course. After the death of her father, she inherited the duchy of Sagan and several other lordships as the eldest daughter, and then handed her over to the prince Julius Ludwig Rohan-Guémenée her hand, but may not have found the happiness hoped for, [66] because after a few years the mixed marriage - the princess was Protestant, the prince Catholic - was broken up again. Soon afterwards she made the marriage covenant out of inclination Vasilej Princes Trubetskoi, a relative of the imperial house Romanov, but when the coercion and the rough harshness of her Russian painting became unbearable, she loosened this bond in a short time and stood there as a twice divorced woman at the age of 25. After a long break, in 1819, at the age of 39, she decided to marry the count for a third time Schulenburgwho has long given her proof of loyal devotion. This marriage, too, remained childless, but not without influence on its economic circumstances, which without male supervision had become rather complicated over the years. The count, instituting a regular administration of the great lordships and complexes of property, brought order to the economic administration. So the Duchess had a peaceful marriage when all of a sudden - the real motives have never been known - she felt the urge to change her faith and convert to the Catholic Church. In the years 1828/1829 she brought about this transfer, after having lived an unimpaired marriage with the Count for a decade. With this conversion, since she was now a Catholic, but the count was a Protestant, this third marriage was also dissolved, and that with her first painting, the prince Rohan, who is also a Catholic, is considered to be alone and indissoluble. One wanted in their rural isolation, in their affection for solitude, which gradually produced a certain dissatisfaction in their religious thinking, for which cold Protestantism in particular offers little substitute for women, whereas the imaginative Catholicism, intimately connected with art and poetry, offers many a substitute, the main cause find this change of faith. However, the same had no further influence on her previous way of life, she stayed with the count Schulenburg in the most cordial friendship, as she remained in constant contact with her other close acquaintances from earlier times and, as before, a loyal support, yes, mother of the poor, whose beliefs might be the same. The following fact speaks for the heart of the noble princess. Your famous mother Anna Charlotte Dorothea Duchess of Courland The main source of income was an annual salary from Russia, which expired with her death. Her other income was insignificant. She usually spent the summer on her lovely country estate in Löbichau near Altenburg, where she used to gather around her a circle of noble and spirited people, whose ideal life was Jean Paul immortalized in his writings. When in the late summer of 1821 the Duchess of Sagan While she was still staying with her mother, who had already returned home from Paris in great suffering, it happened that on August 20th, while the daughter was present, the mother was killed by a nervous attack. The situation of the numerous servants, deeply shaken by the death of the princess, was a desolate one, for with the small income that remained after the Russian pension was discontinued, hardly the slightest part could be covered, and yet it was nothing but longstanding, strictly proven servants, whom hardly any [67] a new career path was open. Then the Duchess of Sagan Immediately ready - and the younger sisters also followed her explanation - to take care of the numerous servants of the deceased and for the continuation of the many pensions she granted from her own resources, whatever resolution she faithfully carried out. In earlier years, when she realized that her marriage was denied the blessing of children, she took three little girls into her house, for their upbringing, regardless of their social position, which in those days was still very demanding on them maternal love was carefully considered and personally supervised. Over the high sense of their character prevails a Vote, and to prove it brilliantly in the patriotic sense, at the time of the wars of liberation she had the opportunity to liberate Germany from the French yoke. Whatever was in her power she did to vote the most influential men for the war of liberation, and when this had begun, her energies created a different sphere of activity, among other things. in Prague built and maintained a hospital for wounded warriors at his own expense. The beautiful from Wallenstein The built castle at Sagan was too remote for her, too lonely, to stay there all the time; She liked it more in Vienna, and a highlight of her life was the time of the Congress, when the salons of the Duchess von Sagan undoubtedly belonged to the most beautiful, charming and most interesting meeting places not only of the noblest and highest, but also of the most important people who were united by fate in Vienna at that time. From one beautyas her necrologist writes, which did not need a toilet as a relief, but rather made every costume appear advantageous; of a Flavorswhose pure naturalness and highest ennoblement at the same time, both in its own appearance and in all its immediate surroundings, was always revealed; of a Understandwho was able to see through even the most complicated circumstances with rare sharpness and instantly; of a MemoriesIn which the results of the most careful upbringing, the most substantial education and the richest experience were ready and at hand at all times - and with the rare gift of being able to express her thoughts fluently and beautifully in three living languages ​​- she was like few suitable, to draw such a circle, if she wanted, and to tie it up. In the area where she lived or where she lived, she was a true but always unseen benefactress and helpful pillar of the poor and unfortunate. Her sudden death - she died of a stroke at the age of sixty, coming from her estates in Bohemia and just about to set up her winter apartment in Vienna - awakened the deepest sympathy in all circles near and far that knew and admired her . Her great fortune fell on the basis of a will of her next elder sister Pauline (born on February 19, 1782), married (since 1838) with Friedrich Hermann Otto von Hohenzollern-Hechingen, to. Princess Pauline also died in Vienna in 1844. - The two other sisters of the Duchess von Sagan[68] are Johanna and Dorothea. Johanna (born June 24, 1783) was (since 1801) with Franz Princes Pignatelli de Belmonti, Duke of Accerenza, and had inherited the old castle Löbichau from her mother. Dorothea (born on August 21, 1793) was Duke Alexander's first painting Edmund of Talleyrand Perigord and died at the age of 69 on September 13, 1862. About the life of the mother of these four daughters, about whom the Duchess of Courland wrote much and rightly praised in her time Tiedge his attractive book: "Anna Charlotte Dorothea, last Duchess of Courland" (Leipzig 1823) and gives a vivid picture of higher social life towards the end of the previous and the beginning of the current century. - Finally it should be noted that the Duchess Catherine not with her youngest sister Dorotheawho later also became the Duchess of Sagan appears to be confused. The wedge’Sche “Gartenlaube” gives in the year 1871, p. 556, an attractive characteristic of the latter with its portrait, as the same sheet in 1859 published a biography of the famous mother, the Duchess of Courland.

New necrology of the Germans (Ilmenau, B. Fr. Voigt, 8 °.) XVII. Volume (1839), Vol. II, p. 926, No. 321.