Using the Vette Adjustment 1

Ordinance on safety and health protection when using work equipment (Industrial Safety Ordinance - BetrSichV)
Appendix 1 (to Section 6 Paragraph 1 Clause 2)
Special regulations for certain work equipment

Unofficial table of contents


Contents overview
1.
Special regulations for the use of mobile, self-propelled or non-self-propelled work equipment
2.
Special regulations for the use of work equipment for lifting loads
3.
Special regulations for the use of work equipment for temporary work at high workplaces
4.
Special regulations for elevator systems
5.
Special regulations for pressure equipment
1.
Special regulations for the use of mobile, self-propelled or non-self-propelled work equipment
1.1
Mobile work equipment must be equipped in such a way that the risk to employees on board is kept as low as possible. This also applies to the dangers to employees from contact with wheels and chains.
1.2
Hazards caused by sudden blocking of energy transmission devices between mobile work equipment and its additional technical equipment or trailers are to be avoided by technical measures. If this is not possible, other measures must be taken to prevent the employees from being endangered. Measures must be taken to prevent damage to the energy transmission devices.
1.3
The employer must ensure that employees traveling with mobile work equipment only travel to safe and specially equipped places.
If there is the possibility of the work equipment tipping over or overturning, the employer must ensure through the following facilities that employees on board are not endangered by overturning or tipping over the work equipment:
a)
a device that prevents the work equipment from tipping over by more than a quarter turn,
b)
a device that ensures that there is sufficient free space around employees on board, provided that the tilting movement can make more than a quarter turn, or
c)
another facility with the same protective effect.
If, when the work equipment overturns or tilts, an employee on board can be crushed between parts of the work equipment and the floor, a restraint system must be available for the employee on board.
1.4
The employer must ensure that there are facilities in the case of industrial trucks that prevent workers from being endangered by the truck tipping over or rolling over. Such facilities are for example
a)
b)
Devices that prevent tipping or overturning,
c)
Facilities that ensure that if the trucks tipping or overturning, there is sufficient free space between the floor and parts of the truck for the workers sitting on them, or
d)
Devices that keep employees in the driver's seat so that they cannot be caught by parts of overturning industrial trucks.
1.5
Before using mobile self-propelled work equipment for the first time, the employer must take measures to enable it
a)
can be secured against unauthorized starting,
b)
are equipped in such a way that it is possible for employees to get on and off as well as to get on and off safely,
c)
are provided with devices that reduce the damage as far as possible from a possible collision of several rail-mounted work equipment,
d)
are provided with a braking device; If necessary, a locking device must also be available and an emergency braking device triggered by easily accessible command devices or an automatic device must enable braking and stopping in the event of failure of the main braking device,
e)
have suitable auxiliary devices, such as camera-monitor systems, which ensure that the route is monitored if the driver's direct view is insufficient to ensure the safety of other employees,
f)
when used in the dark are provided with a lighting device that is suitable for the work to be carried out and offers sufficient safety for the employees,
G)
if they themselves or their trailers or loads pose a fire hazard, have adequate fire-fighting equipment, unless such fire-fighting equipment is available at a sufficiently short distance at the place of use,
H)
if they are remotely controlled, stop automatically when they drive out of the control area of ​​the controller,
i)
provided that they are automatically controlled and, under normal operating conditions, can collide with or pinch workers, are equipped with appropriate protective devices, unless other suitable devices prevent the possibility of a collision, and
j)
are equipped in such a way that loads and equipment to be carried can be secured against uncontrolled movements.
1.6
The employer must ensure that employees are not in the danger zone of self-propelled work equipment. If the presence is unavoidable for operational reasons, the employer must take measures to keep the risks to the employees as low as possible.
1.7
The employer must ensure that the speed of mobile work equipment that is guided by pedestrians can be adjusted by the pedestrian. They must automatically come to a standstill immediately when the command devices are released.
1.8
The employer must ensure that connecting devices for mobile work equipment that are connected to one another
a)
are secured against unintentional loosening and
b)
can be operated safely and easily.
The employer must take precautions so that mobile work equipment or additional equipment can be connected to one another or separated from one another without endangering the employees. It must not be possible for such connections to come loose unintentionally.
1.9
The employer must ensure that
a)
self-propelled work equipment is only operated by employees who are suitable for this and who have received appropriate training,
b)
Suitable traffic rules for the use of mobile work equipment in a work area are defined and observed,
c)
When using mobile work equipment with a combustion engine, breathable air that is harmless to health is available,
d)
Mobile work equipment is parked and secured during transport, loading and unloading in such a way that unintentional movements of the work equipment, which could endanger employees, are avoided.
2.
Special regulations for the use of work equipment for lifting loads
2.1
The employer must ensure that the stability and strength of work equipment for lifting loads, their load-bearing devices and, if necessary, removable parts are ensured at all times. In doing so, he also has to take into account special conditions such as weather conditions, transport, assembly and dismantling, possible failures and planned tests, also with test load.
If required after the risk assessment, the employer must provide work equipment with a device that prevents the permissible load-bearing capacity from being exceeded. Loads on the suspension points or anchoring points on the load-bearing parts must also be taken into account.
Removable and mobile work equipment for lifting loads must be set up and used in such a way that the stability of the work equipment is guaranteed and its tilting, shifting or slipping is prevented. The employer must ensure that the correct implementation of the measures is checked by a specially trained employee.
2.2
The employer must ensure that work equipment for lifting loads has a clearly visible indication of the permissible load capacity. If different operating conditions are possible, the permissible load capacity for the individual operating conditions must be specified. Load suspension devices are to be marked in such a way that their essential properties for safe use can be recognized. Work equipment for lifting employees must be suitable for this purpose and clearly marked with information on this intended use.
2.3
The employer has to take measures to prevent loads
a)
accidentally shift, fall or fall dangerously
b)
unintentionally unhooked.
If the presence of employees in the danger area cannot be prevented, it must be ensured that command devices for controlling movements automatically return to the zero position after they have been activated and the initiated movement is immediately interrupted.
2.3.1
The floor-controlled work equipment for lifting loads must be controllable for the controlling employee at maximum travel speed at all times.
2.3.2
The employer must ensure that work equipment for lifting loads can be braked during lifting, driving and turning movements and that unwanted movements of the work equipment can be prevented.
2.3.3
Power-operated lifting movements of the work equipment for lifting loads must be limited. Railways must be equipped with lane boundaries.
2.3.4
If workers are at risk when using work equipment to lift loads and the command device is not in the vicinity of the load, the work equipment must be equipped with warning devices.
2.3.5
The kickback of actuating devices of hand-operated work equipment for lifting loads must be limited.
2.4
When lifting or moving workers, the following special measures must be taken in particular:
a)
Hazards caused by a load suspension device falling must be prevented with suitable devices; Load lifting devices must be checked for perfect condition every working day,
b)
employees must be prevented from falling out of the access equipment of the work equipment for lifting loads,
c)
Avoid any risk of employees being crushed or trapped or employees colliding with objects.
d)
In the event of malfunctions in the access equipment, stuck employees must be protected from hazards and it must be possible to rescue them safely.
The employer must ensure that employees are only lifted with the work equipment provided for this purpose, including the necessary additional equipment. Notwithstanding this, the lifting of employees with work equipment not intended for this purpose is permitted as an exception if
a)
the safety of employees is guaranteed in another way,
b)
appropriate supervision by a specially trained employee who is present is ensured during the activity,
c)
the control station of the work equipment is constantly manned,
d)
the employee responsible for controlling the work equipment has been specially trained for this purpose,
e)
secure means of communication are available and
f)
a rescue plan is available in the event of danger.
2.5
The employer must ensure that
a)
Workers are not endangered by hanging loads, in particular hanging loads are not moved over unprotected areas in which employees are usually present,
b)
Loads are securely attached,
c)
Loads, lifting accessories and slings cannot unintentionally loosen or move,
d)
When using lifting and slinging equipment, employees have adequate information about their properties and permitted areas of application,
e)
Connections of lifting gear are clearly marked, provided they are not separated after use,
f)
Lifting equipment and slings are selected according to the loads to be handled, the gripping points, the hooking devices, the weather conditions and the type of sling, and
G)
Loads are not carried over unprotected workers with force-fit lifting devices.
2.6
Lifting equipment and slings are to be stored in such a way that they cannot be damaged and their functionality cannot be impaired.
2.7
Special regulations for the use of work equipment for lifting non-guided loads
2.7.1
If the areas of action of work equipment for lifting non-guided loads overlap, suitable measures must be taken to prevent hazards from collisions between the work equipment. Suitable measures must also be taken to prevent employees from being endangered by collisions between them and non-guided loads.
2.7.2
Suitable measures must be taken to prevent employees from falling from loads that are not guided. If the employee who controls work equipment for lifting non-guided loads cannot observe the load either directly or through additional equipment over the entire path, he must be instructed by another employee.
2.7.3
The employer must ensure that
a)
loads that are not guided can be safely attached and detached by hand,
b)
the employees can control the lifting and transport process directly or indirectly,
c)
all lifting operations with non-guided loads are planned and carried out in such a way that the safety of the employees is guaranteed. If an unguided load is to be lifted by two or more work equipment at the same time, a procedure must be defined and monitored to ensure that employees work together,
d)
only such work equipment is used to lift non-guided loads that keep these loads safe even in the event of a partial or complete power failure; If this is not possible, suitable measures must be taken to ensure the safety of the employees. Suspended, non-guided loads must be constantly monitored, unless access to the danger area is prevented, the load has been securely attached and is securely held in the hanging state,
e)
the use of work equipment for lifting non-guided loads outdoors is discontinued if the weather conditions impair the safe use of the work equipment, and
f)
the measures specified by the manufacturer of the work equipment for lifting non-guided loads are taken; this applies in particular to measures to prevent the work equipment from tipping over.
3.
Special regulations for the use of work equipment for temporary work at high workplaces
3.1
General minimum requirements
3.1.1
These requirements apply to temporary work at a height using the
a)
Scaffolding including its assembly, conversion and dismantling,
b)
c)
of access and positioning procedures with the help of ropes.
3.1.2
If temporary work at high workplaces cannot be carried out safely and under appropriate ergonomic conditions from a suitable stand area, measures must be taken to keep the risk to employees as low as possible.
When selecting the means of access to high-altitude workplaces where temporary work is carried out, the height difference to be overcome as well as the type, duration and frequency of use must be taken into account. Working stilts are generally not to be regarded as suitable work equipment. The selected means of access must also enable people to escape in the event of imminent danger. There must be no additional risk of falling when accessing or exiting the high workplace.
3.1.3
All facilities that serve as temporary high-altitude workplaces or as access to them must in particular be designed, dimensioned, set up, supported, stiffened and anchored in such a way that they can absorb and dissipate the loads arising during the intended use. The facilities must not be overloaded and must also be stable during the individual construction stages and the entire period of use.
3.1.4
The use of ladders as high workstations and access and positioning procedures with the aid of ropes is only permitted in those cases in which
a)
because of the low risk and because of the short duration of use, the use of other, safer work equipment is not proportionate and
b)
the risk assessment shows that the work can be carried out safely.
3.1.5
Fall protection must be provided on work equipment with a risk of falling. These devices must be designed and constructed in such a way that falls and injuries to employees are avoided as far as possible.Fixed fall protection devices may only be interrupted at entrances to ladders or stairs. If fixed fall protection cannot be used in individual cases, other facilities for catching workers who fall must be available instead (e.g. safety nets). Individual fall protection for employees is only permitted in exceptional cases in justified individual cases.
3.1.6
If an activity can only be carried out if a fixed fall protection device is temporarily removed, effective substitute measures for the safety of the employees must be taken. The activity may only be carried out when these measures have been implemented. If the activity is temporarily or permanently completed, the fixed fall protection must be reattached immediately.
3.1.7
When erecting and dismantling scaffolding, suitable protective measures must be taken on the basis of the risk assessment, through which the safety of the employees is always guaranteed.
3.1.8
Temporary work in high-altitude workplaces may only be carried out outdoors using scaffolding including their assembly, conversion and dismantling as well as ladders and access and positioning procedures with the aid of ropes if the weather conditions affect the safety and health of the Do not affect employees. In particular, the work may not be started or continued if there is a possibility, due to the weather, in particular due to strong or gusty wind, icing or slippery snow, that employees may fall or be injured by falling or falling parts.
3.2
Special rules for the use of scaffolding
3.2.1
If the selected scaffolding cannot be erected according to a generally recognized standard design, a separate strength and stability calculation must be carried out for the scaffolding or individual areas thereof.
3.2.2
The employer responsible for the scaffolding work or a qualified person appointed by him must draw up a plan for assembly, use and dismantling, depending on the complexity of the selected scaffolding. These can be general instructions for assembly and use, which are supplemented by detailed information for the respective scaffolding.
3.2.3
The stability of the scaffolding must be ensured. The employer must ensure that scaffolding that is free-standing is not stable, is anchored before use. The uprights of a scaffolding are to be protected from the possibility of slipping by fixing them to the supporting surface with an anti-skid device or by some other, equally suitable means. The loaded area must have sufficient load-bearing capacity. Unintentional movement of mobile scaffolding while working at high workplaces must be prevented by suitable devices. While employees are on a mobile scaffold, it must not be moved from the location.
3.2.4
The dimensions, shape and arrangement of the walking and work surfaces on scaffolding must be suitable for the activity to be performed. They must be adapted to the expected stress and allow safe access. They are to be laid close to one another and in such a way that they cannot wobble or slip during normal use. There must be no space between the individual scaffolding surfaces and the side protection that could endanger employees.
3.2.5
If certain parts of a scaffolding cannot be used, in particular during assembly, dismantling or conversion, these parts must be marked with the prohibition sign “No entry” and appropriately demarcated by barriers that prevent access to these parts.
3.2.6
The employer must ensure that scaffolding is only erected, dismantled or remodeled under the supervision of a competent person and after instruction in accordance with Section 12 by suitably qualified employees. The instruction has to extend in particular to information about
a)
the plan for the assembly, dismantling or modification of the relevant scaffolding,
b)
the safe assembly, dismantling or modification of the relevant scaffolding,
c)
preventive measures against hazards to employees from falling or falling objects,
d)
Safety precautions in the event that the weather conditions change in such a way that the safety and health of the employees concerned can be impaired,
e)
permissible loads,
f)
all other hazards that may be associated with assembly, dismantling or conversion.
The competent person who supervises the scaffolding work and the employees concerned must have the plan provided in number 3.2.2 with all the instructions contained therein before the start of the work.
3.3
Special rules for the use of ladders
3.3.1
The employer may only provide employees with ladders that are suitable for the job to be carried out in terms of their design.
3.3.2
Ladders must be stable and safely accessible during use. Ladders must also be secured against falling if the type of work to be performed requires this. Portable ladders must be on a stable, immovable and sufficiently dimensioned base in such a way that the steps remain in a horizontal position. Suspended ladders must be secured against unintentional unhooking. With the exception of rope ladders, they must be securely fastened in such a way that they cannot slip or start pendulum motion.
3.3.3
Slipping of the ladder feet of portable ladders is to be prevented during the use of these ladders either by fixing the upper or lower part of the stiles, by an anti-skid device or by another equally suitable measure. Ladders that are used as access must be designed so that they protrude far enough beyond the exit point, unless other devices allow a secure hold. Extension ladders or extension ladders consisting of several parts are to be used in such a way that the ladder parts remain immovably connected to one another. Mobile ladders must be locked in place before they are used so that they cannot roll away.
3.3.4
Ladders are to be used in such a way that employees can stand and hold on securely at all times. If a load has to be carried on a ladder, this must not prevent a secure hold.
3.4
Special rules for access and positioning procedures using ropes
3.4.1
When using an access and positioning method with the aid of ropes, the following conditions must be met:
a)
The system must consist of at least two separately attached ropes, one serving as an access, lowering and holding device (work rope) and the other as a safety device (safety rope).
b)
The employer must ensure that employees use suitable safety harnesses that are connected to the safety rope.
c)
A seat with appropriate accessories must be provided in the system and connected to the work rope.
d)
The work rope must be equipped with safe means for ascending and descending. This includes a self-locking system that prevents falls if employees lose control of their movements. The safety rope must be equipped with a movable fall protection device that moves synchronously with the movement.
e)
Tools and other accessories that are to be used by employees must be attached to their safety harness or seat or using other, equally suitable means so that they do not fall off and are easily accessible.
f)
The work must be carefully planned and monitored. The employer has to ensure that the employees can be given immediate help if necessary.
G)
The employees who use access and positioning procedures with the aid of ropes must be specially instructed in the intended work procedures, in particular with regard to the rescue procedures.
3.4.2
Notwithstanding number 3.4.1, the use of a single rope is permissible if the risk assessment shows that the use of a second rope would pose a greater risk to the work and suitable measures are taken to ensure the safety of the workers in another way . This must be stated in the documentation of the risk assessment.
4.
Special regulations for elevator systems
4.1
Anyone who operates an elevator system in accordance with Annex 2 Section 2 Number 2 Letter a must ensure that a two-way communication system is in effect in the elevator car, via which an emergency service can be reached at all times. In the case of elevator systems according to sentence 1, an emergency plan must be drawn up and made available to an emergency service prior to commissioning so that they can respond appropriately to emergency calls and initiate appropriate help immediately. If no emergency service is required, the emergency plan according to sentence 2 must be attached near the elevator system. The emergency plan according to sentence 2 must contain at least:
a)
Location of the elevator system,
b)
Details of the responsible employer,
c)
Information on the persons who have access to all facilities of the system,
d)
Information on the persons who can exempt prisoners,
e)
Contact details of the people who can provide first aid (e.g. emergency doctor or fire brigade),
f)
Information on the likely start of an exemption and
G)
the emergency release instructions for the elevator system.
The emergency rescue instructions and the equipment required to rescue trapped persons must be made available in the immediate vicinity of the system prior to commissioning. Anyone who operates an elevator system in accordance with Annex 2 Section 2 Number 2 Letter b in which a person can be locked must ensure that they can call for help. Sentences 2 to 5 apply accordingly to these elevator systems.
4.2
Anyone who operates an elevator system in accordance with Annex 2 Section 2 Number 2 must take maintenance measures in accordance with Section 10, taking into account the type and intensity of use of the system.
4.3
In the immediate area of ​​an elevator system according to Annex 2 Section 2 Number 2, there must be no devices that could endanger safe operation.
4.4
The employer must ensure that circulating lifts are only used by employees who have been instructed by him. The employer may only allow people other than employees to use circulating lifts if he has taken suitable measures to protect other people from the risks posed by circulating lifts. If technical protective measures are not possible or not sufficient, the employer must ensure the necessary protection of these persons through other measures; In particular, he must make other people aware of possible hazards when using circulating lifts, define the necessary rules of conduct for use and take the necessary precautions to ensure that these rules of conduct are observed by other people.
4.5
The machine room of an elevator system according to Annex 2 Section 2 Number 2 may only be accessible to authorized persons.
4.6
Anyone who operates an elevator system in accordance with Annex 2 Section 2 Number 2 must regularly check it for obvious defects that could impair safe use.
5.
Special regulations for pressure equipment
5.1
A written work program must be drawn up for testing pressure systems. This should include the individual steps and the measures to be determined based on the risk assessment so that the risks associated with the testing remain as low as possible.
5.2
Pressure systems may only be set up and operated in such a way that employees or other people are not endangered.
5.3
The amount of feed water required for safe operation must be supplied to steam boilers as long as they are being heated.
5.4
Compressed gases may only be filled into suitable containers.