What causes chicken eyes on the roots of the toes

Corn between your toes? Causes, treatment, prevention

Facts about corns and calluses

  • Corns and calluses are bothersome and sometimes painful skin conditions consisting of thickening of the skin in areas of repeated pressure.
  • Symptoms and signs of corns and calluses are among others
    • a thick, hard part of the skin;
    • Bump on the skin;
    • flaky, dry skin;
    • Pain or tenderness in the affected area.
  • Corns and calluses are foot problems that can be treated with many types of medicines to chemically reduce the thickened, dead skin.
  • Salicylic acid is the ingredient in most corn and callus removal products.
  • Corns and calluses can be avoided by reducing or eliminating the conditions that lead to increased pressure in certain areas on the hands and feet.
  • People with sensitive skin or poor blood circulation to their feet (including many people with conditions like diabetes or peripheral arterial disease) should see their doctor as soon as corns or calluses develop.

What are corns and calluses?

Corns and calluses are bothersome and potentially painful conditions that form thickened spots on the skin in areas of excessive pressure. The medical term for the thickened skin that forms corns and calluses is hyperkeratosis (Plural =hyperkeratoses). Cornea refers to a more diffuse, flattened area with thick skin while a Corns is a thick, localized area that is usually a popular, conical, or round shape. Corns, also known as helomes or clavi, sometimes have a dry, waxy, or translucent appearance.

Calluses or corns appear on parts of the feet and sometimes on the fingers. Corns are often painful, even if they are small. Often one develops Corn between your toes and

  • on the underside of the foot (sole or sole surface), above the metatarsal arch (the "ball" of the foot);
  • on the outside of the fifth (little or "little") toe where it rubs against the shoe;
  • between the fourth and fifth toes. Unlike other corns, which are firm and flesh-colored, a corn between the toes is often whitish and dirty.

What causes corns and calluses?

Hyperkeratosis simply means a thickening of the skin. This thickening acts as a natural defense mechanism that strengthens the skin in areas of friction or excess pressure. Abnormal foot anatomy, including foot deformities, can lead to corn formation or callus formation, as can protruding bones in the feet. Shoes that are too short or too tight, or that create friction in certain places, are also a common cause of skin thickening that leads to corns and calluses. Anomalies in gait or movement that lead to increased pressure on certain areas can also be the cause.

It can be hard to know why a corn is developing between your toes because it won't appear in areas of obvious pressure or friction. Calluses on the fingers can develop in response to using tools, playing musical instruments such as the guitar, or using work equipment that applies pressure to certain areas.

What are the risk factors for corns and calluses?

As mentioned earlier, any condition or activity that causes increased friction over the fingers or toes can lead to the development of corns or calluses. People of all ages can be affected, but they are especially common in people over 65 years of age. Corns and calluses have been shown to affect 20% -65% of people in this age group. Some of these risk factors are

  • Abnormalities in the anatomy of the feet or toes;
  • Irregularities in the corridor;
  • poorly fitting shoes;
  • Use of devices, tools or instruments that apply pressure to specific areas on the fingers; and
  • certain professions, such as farmers or gardeners.

Symptoms of corns and calluses

Corns and calluses are

  • hardened, thick areas of skin;
  • rounded or conical and may appear as a bump on the skin;
  • dry, scaly; and
  • painful, leading to foot pain when interfering with walking or other activities. Calluses are usually painless.

Diagnosis of corns and calluses

The diagnosis can be made by observing the characteristic changes in the skin. Special tests are not required.

Treatments for corns and calluses

Corns and calluses can be treated with many types of medical devices to chemically reduce the thickened, dead skin. Many products are available for use as home remedies. These products all have the same active ingredient - salicylic acid, which is used in over-the-counter wart removal products.

Salicylic acid is a keratolyte, meaning it dissolves the protein (keratin) that makes up most of the corn and the thick layer of dead skin that often overlies it. These products are used according to the directions on the package and are gentle and safe for most people. Salicylic acid treatments are available in several forms, including

  • Applicators,
  • Creams,
  • Band Aid.

All of these treatments whiten the top of the skin and allow the dead tissue to be trimmed or peeled off, making the corn less sticky out and injured.

It is generally recommended that salicylic acid not be used by people with diabetes or those with weak skin or poor circulation (because of concerns about how the skin may heal). In these situations, the use of salicylic acid can cause ulceration on the skin. A doctor can help you determine whether salicylic acid-based products are safe for use on a particular person.

Do not try to cut or shave corns and calluses at home. This can lead to a potentially dangerous infection of the surrounding tissue. This should be done by a podiatrist or other medical professional.

A doctor may also prescribe antibiotics for corns or calluses that have become infected.

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When to see a doctor

If the corn is bothersome and unresponsive to salicylic acid and trimming, you should see a doctor or podiatrist who can treat corns with scalpels. Podiatrists can also measure and equip people with orthotics to distribute their weight on their feet as they walk so that pressure from the foot bones isn't focused on their corns. (Standard padded insoles are a one size fits all and may not be effective.)

People with sensitive skin or poor blood flow to their feet (including many people with conditions like diabetes or peripheral artery disease) should see their doctor as soon as corns or calluses develop. Also, someone should see a doctor right away if corns or calluses show signs of infection (e.g., increasing pain, the presence of pus or other drainage, swelling, and redness).

Prevention of corns and calluses

In many situations, calluses and corns can be prevented by reducing or eliminating the conditions that cause increased pressure in certain areas on the hands and feet. Possible preventive measures therefore include the following:

  1. It makes sense to wear well-fitting, comfortable shoes. The idea is to avoid squeezing the footwear on the outside of the fifth toe or squeezing the fourth and fifth toes together to prevent a corn between the toes.
  2. Another approach is to cover the potentially affected area. Many types of pads are available at the pharmacy:
  • Cushion to place between the toes
  • Foam or moleskin pads to place on the areas where corns form.
  • Foam pads with holes in the middle (in the shape of donuts) that redistribute pressure around the corn, rather than right over it.
  • Padded insoles to cushion the feet and relieve mechanical pressure.

Summarized

Corns and calluses are not serious conditions and can be treated with home remedies or medical treatment. Surgery is very rarely necessary. However, even during treatment, corns and calluses can recur if the pressure or friction continues on the affected area. Corns and calluses are benign conditions that do not increase the risk of skin cancer or other serious conditions.

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