What does in moderate habits mean

Find out interesting facts about the seal

He may be a bit clumsy on solid ground, but his body is perfect for swimming.

Last update: April 02, 2019

You know that seal also known as a seal, it lives in temperate and cool coastal areas and is the most common type of dog seal. You can find out more about these cheerful fellows in our article.

The seal: physical characteristics

Its scientific name is Phoca vitulina and its body can be gray, sand-colored, or dark brown.

Each animal has a unique pattern of darker polka dots on its furthat can be colored black or dark brown. However, the stomach is always light.

The seal can be recognized by its typical nostrils that form a “V”. They also have no ears or ear lobes.

Adult specimens can weigh up to 130 kg and grow to be almost two meters tall.

Females are smaller than males, but they usually live longer (35 or 25 years). This is because the males experience a lot of stress each year during the courtship season.

They may seem a bit clumsy on land, but their small, flexible front fins, which have five “fingers”, enable them to swim very quickly.

Their fur is short, but it has the function to protect the skin from the sun's rays and the body due to the secretions of the sebum glands keep moist.

This makes it easier for them to swim and virtually glide in the water. If you then look at their physique, you quickly understand why the seal is such an excellent swimmer.

Seal habitat and diet

The population of the seals is estimated at 500,000. That means they are not critically endangered other than those found in the Baltic Sea, Hokkaido, and Greenland. This is because they are threatened by fishing and illegal hunting.

Today there are five subspecies of the seal:

  • Phoca vitulina concolor (lives in North America)
  • Ungava Seal (lives in Canada)
  • Phoca vitulina richardsi (at home on the North American Pacific coast)
  • Kuril Sea Dog (lives in East Asia)
  • European seal (this is the most famous subspecies, it lives in Asia and Europe)

When it comes to diet, the seal is known for itthat he catches his prey while swimming very fast. Among other things, he likes to eat anchovies, herrings, sea bass, cod, shrimp and squid.

Seals can submerge for up to 10 minutesbefore they return to the surface to breathe and Dive up to 500 meters deep during this time. However, it is normal for them to go down about 20 meters to fish.

Seal behavior

Seals are real family animals, so you can always see them in groups. In this way, they also protect themselves from predators. They are polygamous herd animalsin which the females become sexually mature after 2 and the males after 5 years.

Before mating the males fight among themselves in the water. Only the winners are allowed to mate because the females are only interested in the strongest animals. After 11 months of gestation, you give birth once a year and take care of the young on your own.

These are born weighing 16 kg and after a few hours you can swim and romp around in the water.

In just four weeks, the boys tripled their height thanks to the high-fat breast milk.

After the mating season, the animals renew their skin and fur. During this process, they spend a lot of time on the coast relaxing.

They can be up to 50 km from their home and spend several days at sea, but they keep coming back to the same place after eating their fill in the sea.

The seal families prefer to choose rocky, rough coasts or sandy beaches and sometimes they change their habits when people are nearby. If they notice a risk, they quickly disappear into the water.

The seal is a really amazing animal. Its whiskers are used to feel vibrations in the water. It also devours up to 7 kg of food a day!

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