Translation: Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen Subtitle: Ordered by the National Assembly at the sessions of August 20, 21, 23, 24 and 26, 1789 [-] adopted by the King
What is the symbolic meaning of the hat shown here? Follow the link and limit yourself to the linked section on the Jacobin hat and the answer to this question.de.m.wikipedia.orgPhrygian hat - Wikipedia
Translation: To the representatives of the French people
Marianne is shown in the colors of the tricolore, the French national flag. The tricolor appeared for the first time in 1790 during the Revolution and became the national flag in 1794. It represented a combination of the colors of the coat of arms of Paris (red and blue) and the color of the king (white). The arrangement of the colors also comes from this time and symbolizes the limited power of the king (white) by the people. Furthermore, it should be noted in the pictorial representation that Marianne is dressed in the colors that can be classified as revolutionary, but at the same time she wears a crown, i.e. the symbol of rule of the king - at that time Louis XVI, who was finally executed in the course of the revolution in 1793 . In order to understand the pictorial representation, it is not just what she's wearing, but what she's doing here ... s3.thingpic.com
Example of a typical representation of the 2 tablets of the law with the 10 commandments - in gold letters. (Painting by an unknown artist, around 1600). Ask yourself why there is this similarity between the representations.s3.thingpic.com
This angel-like being points with a scepter (a royal symbol of rule) to the all-seeing eye and with the other hand to the tablet of the law. Why?
The snake that bites its own tail and thus describes the ideal shape of the circle (snake ring) has been a well-known symbol of eternity and perfection since the 16th century at the latest.
The pike (a polearm) is connected to a bundle of rods (so-called fasces). These fasces were an official symbol of the highest rulers of the Roman Empire. The bundle of rods symbolizes unity - especially since a single rod cannot be broken as easily as a bundle. With the pike there is also a reference to the ability to defend itself. Both together are ultimately the basis on which "the hat" is based. - & gt; see: Link to the Jacobin hat. In modern states, fasces continued to be used in those states that referred to ancient Rome, for example in the USA, France and - later - in Italy (under fascism, whose word origin is often derived from fasces - science is not certain in this regard .)
The cord symbolizes commitment
Please only read on here if you have already seen ALL the other points! Additional mandate: The "Declaration of human and civil rights" begins - like many other important documents (constitutions, deeds) - with a preamble, preceded by a preamble. solemn declaration. Read the preamble and answer the questions: 1. What is the purpose of this? 2. What reasons are given here that lead to the need for the declaration of human and civil rights? The representatives of the French people, constituted as the National Assembly, bearing in mind that ignorance, carelessness or contempt for human rights are the only causes of public unhappiness and depravity of governments, have decided upon the natural, inalienable and sacred rights of men to present in a solemn declaration so that this declaration is constantly in view of all members of society and constantly reminds them of their rights and obligations; so that the actions of the legislature and those of the executive can be compared at every moment with the aim of every political institution and are thereby more respected; so that the demands of the citizens [...] may always be directed towards the preservation of the constitution and the common good. "
This figure is the so-called Marianne. Until the French Revolution (1789-1799), one of the most momentous events in European history, Marianne was just a widely used French name. In the course of the revolution, she developed into a symbol of freedom and finally into a French national figure. The picture above illustrates this particularly clearly. The famous painting by Eugene Delacroix from 1830 is entitled "Freedom leads the people". It can also be placed in a revolutionary context, but more than 40 years later: July Revolution 1830. s4.thingpic.com
Here you can see the image of the All-Seeing Eye (also known as: Eye of God, God's Eye). The eye is surrounded by a triangle that stands for the Trinity (Trinity). Christian theology thus grasps the embodiment and indissoluble unity of the essential unity of God as: 1. God the Father, 2. Son (Jesus Christ) and 3. Holy Spirit. The symbol not only stands for the omnipresence of God, but also for omniscience and vigilance. When interpreting the representation of the All-Seeing Eye, you should also take into account the immediate surroundings and the information on the left ...
The all-seeing eye (see information behind the link on the right) has gone down in history not only as a Christian symbol. It is also viewed as: a symbol for wisdom, reason and truth - entirely in the spirit of the Enlightenment! The society, which is divided into 3 classes (1st clergy, 2nd nobles, together at most 2% of the population at that time, and the third class (craftsmen, farmers ... so the majority of the population) would have everyone in this isosceles triangle according to another possible consideration The same significance - in clear contrast to the actual existing order. The Freemasons founded in the 18th century, around whom many myths and conspiracy theories have entwined, used this symbol, which you can still use today to match corresponding, but unscientific, theories Read the information to the right and think about how this representation can be interpreted as a whole.