What is the bible

What is the bible

The Bible is the holy scripture of all Christians. It is considered the basis of belief, teaching and action. The word is derived from the Greek word "biblos" and means paper, writing, letter, book. “Biblia” means “books” in Latin. The Bible is considered to be the book of books in multiple senses of the word: initially as a collective term for the scriptures recognized by the churches and canonized in technical language. Then as “norma normans”, that is, as the norm and yardstick for everything we do and act. And as the most frequently copied book, translated into around 2,000 languages ​​and still the most widely printed book.

The Bible is made up of the so-called Old and New Testaments. The Jews only recognize the texts mentioned by the Christians as the Old Testament as the Bible. The Christian churches do not completely agree on the scriptures of the Old Testament. The New Testament has largely the same text in all churches. The texts, written in Hebrew and Greek, were written between the tenth century before and the second century after Christ. The division into chapters and verses that is common today took place later.

Biblical studies, exegesis, deal with the exploration and interpretation of the Holy Scriptures. In 2003 the Working Group of Christian Churches in Germany (ACK) proclaimed a “Year of the Bible”. There was such a year for the first time in 1992.