Miraj in the hadith, what about hair

Isra and Miraj (night journey and ascension)

Literally, Isra means journey at night and Miraj means elevator. In Islam, Isra refers to the wonderful night journey of the last Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) from Makkah to Jerusalem. Miraj is in Islam the vehicle that brought the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) from Jerusalem into the universe through the seven heavens to Allah.

The Night Journey (Isra) [edit]

The night journey is narrated in the Qur'an and in the statements of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). The scholars agree that the Prophet's night journey (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) took place physically, mentally and in the waking state.

One year before the hijra, towards the end of a quiet night, the roof of the Prophet's house (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) broke and Angel Gabriel entered. He went to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and opened his chest, took out his heart and then cleansed it with Zamzam. Then he brought a golden vessel filled with Iman (conviction) and Hikma (wisdom) and emptied it into the chest of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), only to close it again afterwards.

Malik bin Sa`sa`a, Allah's pleasure with him, reported: The Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him, said:

“I was half awake near the Ka'ba when I suddenly heard someone say: He is the third among the two men. He then came to me and took me with him. Then he took out a golden bowl filled with water from the Zamzam Well. He opened my heart up to so and so. Qatada (a later narrator) said: I asked whoever was with me (i.e. the narrator) what the Prophet meant by (up to so and so). He replied: He said that his chest was opened up to the lower part of his stomach. The Prophet went on to say, "My heart was taken out, washed with the water of the Zamzam Well, and then put back again by being filled with Iman and wisdom."
(This reported Sahih Muslim)

Thereupon the angel Gabriel woke up the prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), took him by the hand and led him to the Kaaba.

Buraq - the mount with two wings [edit]

At the Kaaba the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) met a strange animal that did not come from this world. It was smaller than a mule but larger than a donkey, white in color and with a wing on each of its hind legs. His name was Buraq, which is derived from Barq and means lightning. Angel Gabriel helped the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) up on the beast so that they could go north. Every step of the Buraq brought her to the horizon.

Anas bin Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, reported: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him, said:

"Buraq was brought to me; a long white animal that is larger than the donkey and smaller than the mule, and which can reach the place with its hoof as far as the eye can see. I climbed on it until I reached Jerusalem. There I tied it Animal at the door handle used by the other prophets. Then I went into the mosque, did two rak'ah in it, and then I stepped out. "
(This reported Muslim)

The world in its true shape

During his journey, Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) passed various cities. Madinah was the first city where Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) descended and prayed. Maydan, the city of the Prophet Shu'ayb (Yithro), was the next city where the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) performed two units of prayer. Tur Sina and Baytu Lahm were two other cities where Prophet Muhammad also descended and prayed two prayer units each. Baytu Lahm (Bethlehem) is the birthplace of the Prophet Isa (Jesus) (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

On the way to the Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, he saw the world in the form of an old decorated woman. This is a sign that one should not be seduced by the worldly, as much as the outside blinds one. It also shows that the world has gotten very old and that Judgment Day is near.

Satan [edit]

The Messenger of God Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) also saw Satan (Iblis) at the edge of the way. Satan was so overwhelmed by the radiation of the Prophet that he did not dare speak to him or even lead him into temptation. Before his apostasy, Satan was a Muslim Djinn who, however, contradicted God's command and left Islam (devotion to God).

Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem

Then the Prophet Muhammad and the Angel Gabriel reached the Aqsa Mosque in Baytul-Maqdis (Jerusalem). There the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) dismounted and tied the beast to the door of the Masjid al-Aqsa. Then he went into the mosque and prayed two rakat. When he finished, he noticed a group of prophets also offering their prayers. Among them were Musa, Isa and Abraham (peace of Allah be upon them all). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) should guide them in their prayer. Islam is the religion of all prophets none of them had ever proclaimed any other religion. When the Prophet Muhammad finished he was told: "This is Angel Malik, the guardian of Hellfire, so tell him Salam." When he turned to greet him, the angel got ahead of him.

Angel Gabriel brought two vessels and gave them to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). One was filled with wine and the other with milk. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) took the vessel with the milk and drank from it. Angel Gabriel said, "You have been guided by your Fitrah."

Abu Huraira, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“Then two vessels were brought to me. There was milk in one and wine in the other. I was told: take what you want! I took the milk and drank it. Then he (Gabriel) said: All praise is due to Allah that He has guided you to the natural disposition (Arabic: Fitra). If you had taken the alcohol, your ummah (community) would have gone astray! "‘ ‘
(Buchari)

The elevator (Miraj) [edit]

The ascension is narrated in the statements of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). It was not clearly mentioned in the Qur'an, but there are numerous passages in the Qur'an that contain strong references to this event.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) left the mosque, where the Miraj was brought to him. The angel Gabriel helped it in, and it shot into the heavens until it stepped out of the solar system. The angel Gabriel and the prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon them) left our galaxy very quickly and raced through other galaxies until they reached the end of the universe. When the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) reached the first heaven in the company of the angel Gabriel, the angel Gabriel asked the guardian of heaven to open the gate for them. The guard then asked him: "Who do you have with you?" The angel Gabriel replied: "Muhammad." The guard asked: "Was the revelation given to him?" The angel Gabriel responded with one "Yes!"


Malik bin Sa`sa`a, Allah's pleasure with him, reported: The Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him, said:

“Gabriel then ordered the gatekeeper of the heavenly gate: Open! That asked: who is there? Gabriel replied: It's me, Gabriel. They then asked: who is with you? He replied: Muhammad, may Allah bless him. One asked further: Was it sent to him? He replied: Yes! The gatekeeper opened the gate for us and said: Welcome, o sincere newcomer! "‘ ‘
(This reported Sahih Muslim)

As they entered the lowest heaven, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) saw a man with a large group of people on his right and left. If the man looked at the people on his right side, he laughed, but if he looked at the people on his left side, he cried. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked Angel Gabriel who the man was. Angel Gabriel replied: "This is your father Adam, greet him." When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did this, Adam said, "Welcome, oh good son and good prophet!" Angel Gabriel said: “The people on his right and left are his descendants. On his left side are the inhabitants of Hellfire, so that he cries when he looks to the left and laughs when he looks to the right. "

Angel Gabriel then took him to the second heaven, where he met the prophets Jesus (Arabic: 'Isa) and Johannes (Arabic: Yahya). In the third heaven he met the Prophet Joseph (Arabic: Yusuf), in the fourth the Prophet Idris, in the fifth Aaron (Arabic: Harun) and in the sixth the Prophet Moses (Arabic: Musa). As the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) passed him, Musa wept and asked him why he was crying. Musa replied: "I cry because a young man who became a prophet after me has more followers entering Paradise than I do."

Malik bin Sa`sa`a, Allah's pleasure with him, reported: The Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him, said:

“We came to Adam, may Allah bless him. The narrator now continues the hadith himself: The prophet then met Jesus and John in the second heaven, Allah's blessings and salvation on both. In the third he met Joseph; in the fourth Idris and in the fifth Aaron, may Allah bless them. The Prophet then said: We then went until we got to the sixth heaven. There I met Moses, may Allah bless him, and I greeted him. He said: Welcome, pious brother in faith and sincere prophet. When we passed him, he was crying. Then he was asked: What makes you cry? He replied: O Allah, this is a young man whom you sent after me as a prophet. Even so, his followers will enter Paradise in greater numbers than mine. The Prophet, may blessings of Allah be upon him, continued: Then we went on until we got to the seventh heaven and I went to Abraham. "‘ ‘
(This reported Sahih Muslim)

The house of Al-Ma'mur

The Prophet then went on to Seventh Heaven with Angel Gabriel, where he met the Prophet Ibrahim, who leaned his back against a house of worship called al-Bayt al-Ma'mur. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) watched as 70,000 angels entered this house without leaving it again. This is an honored house, which is heaven for the inhabitants, i.e. the angels, as the Ka'aba is for the inhabitants of the earth.

Malik bin Sa`sa`a, Allah's pleasure with him, reported: The Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him, said:

“So I asked: O Gabriel, what is that? He replied: This is Al-Bayt Al-Ma'mur, (the much-visited, time-honored house) which seventy thousand angels enter every day, and if they leave this house they never visit it again. "“ ‘
(This reported Sahih Muslim)

The lotus tree at Al-Muntaha (the border) [edit]

Angel Gabriel led the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) to the lotus tree that stood on the border. The tree has leaves the size of elephant ears and fruits the size of stone jugs. The lotus tree marks the border that even Angel Gabriel is not allowed to cross. This tree is above the seventh heaven and none of the creatures could describe its beauty. It would take a rider 70 years to traverse the shade of this tree.

Malik bin Sa`sa`a, Allah's pleasure with him, reported: The Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him, said:

“He (Gabriel) then led me to the lotus tree at the far end, the leaves of which looked like the ears of the elephant and the fruits of which looked like the clay pots. But when it (the tree) was enveloped by the command of Allah, it was changed so that no one among the creatures of Allah can describe it because of its beauty. ”‘ ‘
(This reported Sahih Muslim)

But Allah allowed the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) to cross the line to speak directly to Him, but the Prophet could not see ALLAH. Allah revealed the last verses of Surah Al-Baqara to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and promised him that He would forgive His followers of all great sins except Shirk. In addition, Allah made prayer compulsory fifty times a day. On his way back the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) met Moses again, who asked him what duties had been placed on him. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) answered him, whereupon Moses said: “Your followers will not be able to pray fifty times a day. I swear by Allah that I tested people before your time. So go back to your Lord and ask Him to make it easier for your followers. ”The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) followed his advice and Allah reduced the number to ten. But Musa advised him to go back again for the same reason. He did this until Allah said: “You should pray five times a day. Each prayer is rewarded like ten prayers, so you will end up with fifty prayers. And if someone intends to do a good deed and does not do it, he will still be rewarded for that deed. If he does it, however, he will be rewarded tenfold. However, if he intends to do a bad deed and does not do it, it will not be credited to him, whereas it will only be charged once if he does it. " When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) passed Musa again, he wanted to send him back. Yet the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “I have asked my master so many times that I am now ashamed to face him. I am now satisfied and submit. "

Malik bin Sa`sa`a, Allah's pleasure with him, reported: The Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him, said:

“Allah then revealed to me and told me to say fifty prayers every day and night. I descended to Moses, blessings of Allah be upon him. Then he said: What has Allah prescribed for your community? I said fifty prayers. He said: Return to your Lord and ask for a relief. Your church will definitely not be able to do that, because I have already put the children of Israel to a test and tried them out. I then returned to my master and said: O my master! Make it easy for my community. So he saved five prayers for me. I returned to Moses and said: Allah saved five prayers for me. He (Moses) replied: Your church will not be able to do that. Return to your Lord and ask for a relief! I did not stop walking between Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, and Moses until Allah said: There are five prayers every day and every night. Each prayer is equal to ten prayers and that makes fifty prayers. And whoever intends to perform a benefit, but does not do it, will be written down as a benefit. But if he really does the boon, it is written down for him as ten boons. And who, on the other hand, intends to commit a bad deed; but does not commit it, nothing is written down for him. But if he does it, it is written down for him as only one bad deed. I then descended until I was with Moses, may Allah bless him, and told him (what was happening). He said: Return to your Lord and ask for relief. I said: I returned to my Lord several times until I was ashamed before Him. "‘ ‘
(This reported Sahih Muslim)

Paradise [edit]

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was then taken to Paradise and he reported that he saw houses made of pearls and the ground was made of misk (musk). Paradise is above seventh heaven.

Anas bin Malik, peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, reported: The Messenger of God, Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

"I was in paradise and saw that the majority of its inhabitants are poor." ‘‘
(This was reported by Bukhari and Muslim)

The fighters on God's way

The Prophet saw people who sowed and reaped within two days. The angel Gabriel said to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him): "These are the fighters on God's way."

The Al-Hurun-'Ain [edit]

The Prophet Muhammad saw the Al-Hurun-'Ain in Paradise. The angel Jibriel asked him to greet them, whereupon they said: "We are good and beautiful spouses for the inhabitants of Paradise."

Hell [edit]

He was also taken to hell, where Allah showed him scenes from the future. He saw how the people in Hell received the worst punishments for various sins.

The instigators of discord

The Prophet saw people with their tongues and lips cut, whereupon the angel said to him (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him): “They are the instigators of discord and evil. You have incited people to mislead, depravity, deceit and betrayal. "

The omissions of prayer

Prophet Muhammad saw the people whose heads were shattered with heavy objects and then took on their original shape. Thereupon the angel Jibriel said: "These are the ones whose heads were heavy to perform the prayer."

The true figure of the angel Jibriel

The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) saw the angel Jibriel for the first time in Makkah, in his true form, whereupon he passed out. On this blessed night he saw him for the second time in his true form, but this time the Prophet Muhammad had so much strength and power that he did not faint.

"Say: 'Then he came closer and went down so that he was (only) two arc-lengths away or even closer.'" "(Quran, Sura No. 53: 8,9)

Means that the angel Gabriel approached the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) approximately two cubits during the ascension to heaven.

The return

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) went back into the Miraj with angel Gabriel, and went back down to al-Aqsa. There he climbed back on Buraq and returned to Makkah, where he found his bed still warmed.

The following morning the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) went to the Quraysh meeting place. When Abu Dschahl came to him, he told him about his trip. Abu Dschahl called the people together so that they could hear the story. People asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) to provide evidence of his story. They knew that he had never been to Jerusalem before, so they asked him to describe it. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was concerned that he had forgotten most of the details. He was only there during the night, so he hadn't paid attention to trifles. But Allah helped him by showing him a picture of Jerusalem. So he could describe every little detail.

Some people ran to Abu Bakr to tell him that his friend Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) claimed to have traveled from Makkah to Jerusalem one night and that he was standing by the Kaaba and telling this story to everyone. Abu Bakr did not believe them because he thought the story was implausible. People were sure that he too would now leave Islam as it seemed obvious that Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was lying. But Abu Bakr said: "I believe in the heavenly message that he received and how should I not believe what he has reported from the earth." Because of this statement by Abu Bakr, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) called him as-Siddiq (the one who loves the truth).

Sources [edit]